Female genital mutilation FGM - also, " female genital cutting " FGC , [note 1] also known as " female circumcision " - is a severe human rights violation that is done primarily in sub-Saharan and eastern Africa, though it is also done in parts of southeast Asia. It is also performed illegally in Western countries where immigrants and perhaps their descendants hack off their daughter's genitals in secret. The law on FGM is very strict in Western countries and some developing countries , where it is illegal to transport a girl to another country to knowingly perform genital mutilation. The specific procedure of FGC is classified into four different levels of child abuse which range from the least abusive form, the symbolic jamming and removal of a needle into or through the clitoris, to the most unspeakable form which involves hacking off the entire vulva. The costs that the girl pays whilst growing up are great, depending on the severity of their mutilation.
Female genital mutilation continues to haunt women
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But what they really meant, they revealed moments later, is that girls should have their genitalia cut - just not sewn shut. The students, who are part of an afterschool club in Somaliland which the U. UNICEF is weaving a delicate campaign to educate communities in Somaliland about the harms of female genital mutilation and to get leaders, who are meeting there this month to debate the practice, to denounce it. Child rights advocates in nearly 30 countries are fighting to reduce the number of girls subjected to the cutting of their genitalia, a practice that goes back thousands of years and that Somali practitioners often link to Islamic requirements.
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When I was younger, I saw a haunting billboard ad supporting an end to female genital mutilation in Ethiopia. Confused, I asked the women in my family what it meant but was met with uncomfortable silence. I later learned that the torture induced on girls as young as infants is an ancient tradition that feeds into patriarchal values of purity, cleanliness and eligibility for marriage under the guise of religion. Female genital mutilation or female ritual cutting is the altering or injuring of female genital organs done in four ways. Type one clitoridectomy is the partial or total removal of the clitoris.